Coal has been minded for many years and is a very important part of our lives today. Coal yields such a high amount of energy, that it is so useful to us for heating homes and generating power.
In early years, coal extraction was far smaller scale. It was extracted through drift mining or bell pit methods. Shaft mining was also used, but the method wasn’t very efficient as coal was sometimes left behind.
Coal first started being minded in its largest scale throughout the industrial revolution. Britain started underground mining in the 18th century and throughout the Victorian era. It was highly useful because it was far better and more efficient than other forms of fuel, such as wood.
The location of mine fields across the UK then increased, and as such, so did the production of coal. In 1947, coal mining passed into Government control. It became a political issue in the 20th century when the need to maintain and manage coal supplies became prevalent.
After the second world war, coal mining in the UK became nationalised.
Since then coal merchants have seen an increase over the years in terms of coal sales. However despite the rise in coal consumption, many coal pits have shut down and people have lost their jobs as coal supplies are exhausted. Coal is still mined in some exclusive pits across the North and the Midlands. The soaring price of coal now means it is a precious commodity, and in high demand.02-12-11