Lighting a fire is a basic skill but surprisingly very little people actually know how to successfully light a fire and keep it lit.
Depending on the apparatus that you have with you, there are different methods for lighting fires.
You can use all kinds of fuel for lighting the fire, such as smokeless fuel or ordinary woods. Smokeless fuel is more energy efficient and can therefore be a more ideal option for many people.
The first thing that you need to do is fully open the air controls in order to get as much oxygen onto the fire area as possible. You need to gather together all of your fuel, such as paper and kindling and put this on the grate.
After this you can light the paper using matches. What you need to make sure that you do is monitor the fire as it establishes, and make sure that no condensation built up. You can then begin to add larger pieces of wood in order to build a fire.
Be careful with the amount of wood that you put on the fire because if you try to put too much onto the fire in one go, then you can smother the fire which will effectively put the fire out.
After the fire establishes you should close the door and the fire should stay sustained for some time.
If you are starting to run low on fuel then you need to think about refuelling. You should open the air controls and rake over the embers of the previous fuel. You might need to add a small amount of kindling to help the fire along a little bit more if it has gone out slightly.
You can then put new logs onto the fire and make sure that you allow plenty of air into this area so that it can establish itself properly. You should make sure that you burn these logs for about 5 mins until you can close the vent again. The less you refuel, the more efficient the fire will be.
Learning how to light a fire can take some time, and you will probably find that experience will help you to more quickly establish what kind of setting you need to use and how much fuel you should be willing to burn. You should also make sure that the fuel you have is efficient and as dry as it can be, for example if you have a piece of wood which is damp then this can stop the fire from even starting. You also need to make sure that you clean the grate and the area where the fire has been after each use, because the build up can make the next fire that you try to light more difficult.
If your firebox looks bright and clean then it is a good indication that it is burning well.